Homeland Security, Homeland Defense,
Corporate Security, Corporate Defense
Homeland Security might be said to be a re-channeling of operations
at the U.S. federal level,
with a merging of certain investigation, intelligence, security,
and military functions aimed at minimizing and averting threats and
risks predominantly associated with actions of international terrorism.
the wake of events of 9/11, the U.S. experienced
its first biological terrorist threat via the anthrax scare. By
the end of 2001, government officials have become increasingly concerned
with prospects of nuclear devices being used as weapons of mass destruction,
either as full-scale nuclear bombs or so-called “dirty” bombs that
scatter radioactive material. Threats of such proportion are overseen
at the Federal level, yet events emanating from such risks affect
the corporate and individual level as well.
In tandem with Homeland
Security, the concept of Homeland Defense has taken on new meaning
under the aegis if the Department of Defense. While Homeland Security
deals with investigations and intelligence, it would be the Department
of Defense that would deploy the higher level defensive military
Corporate Security has had different meanings. Yet in part spawned
by the new Age of Risk, corporate security is also taking on connotations
of Corporate Defense. While corporate security
in 2001 and before might be said to have been focused upon a “basic” array
and level of problems inside the corporation, now Corporate Defense
has broadened the concept to include the response to Homeland
Security issues down to the corporate level.
An increasing level of
threats is challenging corporations, some for the first time, including
cyber crimes. More so than ever, corporations need to be alert to “inbound” threats,
including network attacks, interruption of service, corporate espionage,
and biological threats.